2700-Year-Old Necropolis Discovered in Italy

Image Credit: La Soprintendenza Archeologia, Belle Arti e Paesaggio di Benevento e Caserta

It was announced that a necropolis dating back to the Iron Age was discovered in Italy.

Italian archaeologists announced the discovery of a quite extensive necropolis in the commune of Amorosi in the province of Benevento, Italy.

Located very close to the Volturno River, the necropolis was discovered during the work carried out for the power plant being built by the Terna Group in the Valley of Telesina.

Image Credit: La Soprintendenza Archeologia, Belle Arti e Paesaggio di Benevento e Caserta

As a result of the examinations, the graves in the necropolis, which were found to date back to the Iron Age, are estimated to be approximately 2700 years old. Therefore, the 88 graves in the necropolis are associated with the “Pit Tomb Culture”, one of the Iron Age archaeological cultures in Italy.

During the excavation, archaeologists found bone remains as well as many grave goods. The prevalence of weapons in the male graves suggests that men were likely raised in a culture of warriors or hunters. On the other hand, the majority of grave goods in female graves consist of jewelry and adornments such as bracelets, amber, necklaces and worked bone pieces.

However, the findings that excited the researchers most were the discovery of two monumental tombs measuring approximately 15 meters (49 ft) in diameter. According to archaeologists, these graves most likely belonged to high-status people. The physical characteristics of the graves suggest that those buried in them had a special position in society.

Bone remains collected from the graves will be subjected to more detailed osteological examinations. In addition, soil samples taken from the necropolis will be analyzed using archaeobotanical methods. Thanks to these analyses, researchers hope to obtain more comprehensive information about the environmental conditions of that period and how people used natural resources.

Iron Age in Campania

As far as we know today, proto-Indo-European tribes lived in the Campania region, which includes the province of Benevento, during the Bronze Age. Around the 11th century BC, the region was inhabited by Italic communities.

In the 10th century BC, the Etruscans established some colonies in Campania. In the 8th century BC, Greek-speaking peoples colonized the coast of Campania and nearby islands.

In the following years, the region fell into the hands of the Samnites. Although the Samnites resisted the Romans for a long time, they suffered a heavy defeat in 290 BC and were assimilated over time.