The tree of life symbolism is present in the myths of many civilizations, especially in the Eurasian mythologies. The tree of life, known as Ulukayın or Bayterek in Turkic mythology, is called Yggdrasil in Norse mythology. Ulukayin is depicted in the form of beech and consists of nine large branches. On the other hand, Yggdrasil is depicted as an ash tree and connects the nine realms. Both trees of life are usually depicted with an eagle on their tops. 1 2 3
For more information about Ulukayin: “The Tree Of Life In Turkic Communities With Its Current Effects“
The Nine Realms Of Yggdrasil
Niflheim: It means “world of mist”. It is the coldest and darkest of the nine realms. It lies below the roots of Yggdrasil. It is the opposite of Muspelheim.
Muspelheim: It is the opposite of Niflheim. Muspelheim is defined as the world of fire. It is protected by Surtr, a jötunn.
Helheim: Known as “Hel”. It is defined as the world of the dead. It is different from the concept of hell we know. Hel is also the name of Loki’s daughter.
Jotunheim: Also known as “Jötunheimr”. It is described as the world of giants. The Ífingr river separates Jotunheim and Åsgard.
Vanaheim: It is the world where the group of gods called the Vanir live. Njörðr, Freyr, and Freyja are the Vanir deities.
Niðavellir: Also known as Myrkheim. It is the world of the dwarves. It is identified with Svartálfheim, the world of the dark elves (dökkálfar).
Álfheim: It is the world of the Elves. The elves here are also called light elves or ljósálfar.
Midgard: Also known as Miðgarðr or Midgård. It is also defined as the other name of the world. It is the world in which people live. Midgard will be destroyed during the end of the world, Ragnarök, but thanks to the hiding Líf and Lífþrasir, humanity will continue to live.
Åsgard: It is the world of the group of gods called Æsir. Odin, Thor and Heimdall live here. A rainbow-shaped bridge called Bifröst connects Åsgard and Midgard.
If you know anything about Yggdrasil and the nine realms, please leave a comment. Knowledge increases when it is shared.
- The Poetic Edda
- The Prose Edda
- Türk Söylence Sözlüğü, Deniz KARAKURT