Archaeology and ancient history… Two important disciplines to learn about our distant past… If we take the date when the first homo sapiens appeared, we would say that humans have just used writing. That’s why archaeology is one of the most important disciplines to learn about our past, like ancient history…
Since you are reading this article, we think it would not be wrong to say that you are also interested in archaeology or ancient history. So here’s a quick quiz on archaeology and ancient history to test yourself. The answers to the questions are below with explanations.
Are Archaeology and Ancient History the Same?
The period called Ancient History began with the use of writing. The history of humanity before ancient history is called prehistory. Ancient History, according to many historians, ended with the fall of the Western Roman Empire.
Archeology is one of the most important auxiliary sciences of ancient history, but not the only one. Chorography, epigraphy, numismatics, palaeography and philology are some of the auxiliary sciences of ancient history.
The correct answer to question #1 is Paleolithic. The Paleolithic ended about 12000 years ago, and then the Mesolithic began. All species of the genus Homo appeared in the Paleolithic Era.
The correct answer to question #2 is the Olmecs. The Olmecs are a Mesoamerican civilization. But, the Medes, Hattians and Luwians are the civilizations of Anatolia and the Near East.
The correct answer to question #3 is epigraphy. The discipline that studies inscriptions and writings on ancient structures is known as epigraphy.
The correct answer to question #4 is Keatley Creek. Keatley Creek is an archaeological site in Canada. But Lind Coulee, Hell Gap and Tule Springs are in the United States.
The correct answer to question #5 is Herodotus. Herodotus was a Carian historian and writer, also called the Father of History.
The correct answer to question #6 is Mousterian. The Mousterian is an archaeological culture that roots go back at least 120,000 years from the present day.1 According to some archaeologists, its roots go back even further. So, the Mousterian industry, which spread throughout Eurasia, appeared long before the Neolithic period.
The correct answer to question #7 is GAD-7. Dendrochronology, Potassium-Argon and OSL are dating techniques that archaeologists use. But GAD-7 is an psychiatric questionnaire.
The correct answer to question #8 is the Pyramid of Cholula. It is in Mexico. But Khafre, Djoser and Menkaure are some of the pyramids in Egypt.
The correct answer to question #9 is Tash Rabat. Augusta Raurica in Switzerland, Baelo Claudia in Spain, Biskupin in Poland are some of the archaeological sites in Europe. But Tash Rabat, a medieval inn, is located in Kyrgyzstan, a Central Asian country.
The correct answer to question #10 is Venus of Willendorf. It was found in Austria.
The correct answer to question #11 is Sumerian. It is an ancient language that is not related to other language families.2 The languages in the other options are Indo-European languages.
- Giorgio Marcuzzi, “European Ecosystems”, Springer Science & Business Media, 2012, ISBN: 9400996160
- Ignace J. GELB, “Sumerian Language“, Encyclopedia Britannica, 2019