The history of witchcraft is an interdisciplinary field that encompasses a range of anthropology, history, theology, and folklore. Its aim is to comprehend the beliefs, practices, and cultural contexts associated with witchcraft. Over the course of history, witchcraft has held a prominent presence in
Members of the North Jutland Detector Association in Denmark found two Viking Age treasures near the town of Hobro in the Northern Denmark region. Archaeologists believe that the coins in the treasures are about 1040 years old. HobroHobro is a town located in the
An archaeological find on the Polish island of Wolin has reignited the long-standing debate surrounding the existence and whereabouts of the fabled 10th century Viking castle of Jomsborg. WolinThe island of Wolin is located in the Baltic Sea, off the coast of northwestern Poland.
Walpurgis Night, also known as Witches’ Night, is a traditional European festival. Its association with witchcraft dates back to medieval times when it was believed that witches gathered on this night to hold their sabbath. When viewed through a scholarly lens, Walpurgis Night offers
Around the 10th century… A Viking soldier visiting Hagia Sophia carved these words on the marble parapets: “Halfdan was here!” Viking raids on islands and villages in northeastern England in the late eighth century was what started the Viking Age. In the ninth century,
The Scythians were a nomadic society that emerged in the 8th century BC in the Pontic steppes, when the Cimmerians lost their influence. They have been instrumental in the ethnogenesis of many communities in the region, as they dominated both Central Asia and Eastern
The blood oath is a ritual, usually between two men, that provides a symbolic sense of attachment and eternal friendship. Blood oath rituals, common among nomadic peoples in ancient times, were also practiced in settled societies over time. Those who practice the blood oath