Subdisciplines of Archaeology

Archaeology is one of the disciplines that works based on evidence to shed light on human history and uncover past civilizations. The term originates from the combination of the Greek words “arkhaios” (ancient) and “logos” (science, knowledge). Archaeologists delve into the past by studying

Funerary Architecture: Monuments and Structures

Funerary architecture is the study of structures that are designed and built to honor and preserve the dead. It encompasses a wide range of burial structures, from grandiose mausoleums to humble graves. Below, you will see the meanings of some of the commonly encountered

Methods of Disposal of Human Remains

The methods of disposal of human remains and the rites practiced during burial vary between religions and cultures. Although inhumation and cremation are the most common disposal methods today, people have practiced many different methods since the Paleolithic. Inhumation Inhumation, one of the most

Species of the Genus Homo

The genus Homo, which is estimated to have emerged about 2.8 million years ago, includes modern humans as well as some ancestors and close relatives of modern humans. The only living species of the genus today is Homo sapiens. Homo habilis It is a

Turkic Pantheon (Gods in Turkic Mythology)

The word pantheon is used to refer to all the deities in a particular religion or mythology. Therefore, the Turkic pantheon means all the deities in Turkic mythology. Since Turkic mythology, which developed in the Eurasian steppes, is based on animism and nature worship,

Archaeological Periods

When it comes to prehistoric times, the Three-Age System is mostly used. A methodological concept, the Three-Age System, was developed in the 19th century by Christian Jürgensen Thomsen, a Danish antiquarian. According to the Three-Age System, prehistoric periods are divided into three as Stone