Shamanic Drums: Symbols and Meanings

The most important instrument used by shamans to go into trance and communicate with supernatural beings is the drum. Shamanic drums are usually made by stretching the skin of some animals such as goat, deer or cattle over a wooden frame. After the skin

An Ethnographic Research on the Bocuk Night

Bocuk Night, a tradition that was on the brink of being forgotten, experienced a resurgence in popularity during the 2010s, thanks to the support of local governments. These celebrations, which stand as significant cultural symbols of Thrace, swiftly evolved into a festival with the

History of Witchcraft in Europe

The history of witchcraft is an interdisciplinary field that encompasses a range of anthropology, history, theology, and folklore. Its aim is to comprehend the beliefs, practices, and cultural contexts associated with witchcraft. Over the course of history, witchcraft has held a prominent presence in

Victims of the Witch Hunts in the 21st Century

The investigation, interrogation and punishment of people suspected of being witches is defined as witch hunts. According to estimates, between 40,000 and 60,000 people across Europe were killed on witchcraft charges. The witch hunts, which spread all over the world like an epidemic in